Botswana Country Overview
Botswana‘s land area is approximately 582 000 km2, roughly the size of France or Kenya or a quarter the size of the DRC. The country is a relatively high (1000 meters), flat, undulating plain covered in deep sandy soils with occasional rocky outcrops, low hills and a network of dry valleys, scattered and extensive salt pans with sand dunes to the extreme south. The estimated population of Botswana is just over 1.8 million and one of the most under-populated countries in the world at an average of 2.9 persons per square kilometre. Despite the low population density, the carrying capacity of the land, especially for agricultural purposes is very low because of poor soils, low and erratic rainfall ranging from 250 mm per annum in the south west to 650 mm in the north. Most people live in eastern Botswana where rainfall averages from 400 –550 mm per annum. Due to low, unreliable and unevenly distributed rainfall, surface water is scarce and most rivers are ephemeral and agricultural activities in most areas are extensive livestock rearing, especially cattle. Only in the eastern parts of the country is mixed farming practiced.

Key Statistics
Population 1,849,000 (2011) Source: SADC Statistics Unit
Employed in Agriculture N/A
GDP (USD) 17,425,079,174 (2011) Source: SADC Statistics Unit
GDP Agriculture Share (%) 2.53 (2011) Source: SADC Statistics Unit
National Budget (USD) N/A
Agriculture Budget (%) N/A

Latest Sorghum Balance (MT)
Year N/A
Availability N/A
Requirement N/A
N/A

Food Insecurity Numbers
Year N/A
Consumption Period N/A
Total Vulnerable N/A
Recent Staple Crop Production (Sorghum)
yearproduction
201033,432
200937,894
200831,614
200726,125
200623,054

Recent Livestock Population (Cattle)
yearpopulation
20102,467,257
Provincial figures
Provincial Crop Production