Madagascar Country Overview
Madagascar is situated in the south-western Indian Ocean, 350 km from the south-east coast of Africa. It is the fourth largest island in the world with a surface area of 587,000 kmĀ² (making is just slightly bigger than the Republic of Botswana) and it has 4,500 km of coastline. Its Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) covers 1,225,259 km2 , giving Madagascar the fourteenth largest EEZ in the world. Its neighbouring countries are Mauritius, Seychelles and Mozambique. Madagascar is subdivided into regions, districts, communes and fokontany . The regions and communes are decentralized local authorities. The population is estimated at 19 million with a 2.6% growth rate. Over 85 percent of the population live in rural areas. 61 percent of the population live on less than $1 per day. Madagascar has an agricultural economy with 75% of the population deriving their income from agriculture, which contributes to one third of the GDP. About 60 per cent of the agricultural GDP comes from crops, 25 per cent from raising livestock and fishing and 15 per cent from forestry.

Key Statistics
Population 20,696,000 (2011) Source: SADC Statistics Unit
Employed in Agriculture N/A
GDP (USD) 10,025,000,000 (2011) Source: SADC Statistics Unit
GDP Agriculture Share (%) 25.4 (2011) Source: SADC Statistics Unit
National Budget (USD) N/A
Agriculture Budget (%) N/A

Latest Maize Balance (MT)
Year N/A
Availability N/A
Requirement N/A

Food Insecurity Numbers
Year N/A
Consumption Period N/A
Total Vulnerable N/A
Recent Staple Crop Production (Maize)

Recent Livestock Population (Cattle) (N/A)
Provincial figures
Provincial Crop Production