Swaziland Country Overview
The Kingdom of Swaziland is a landlocked country with a total area of 17,364 km2 , located in south eastern Africa bordered by Mozambique to the east and the Republic of South Africa on all other sides. Swaziland is characterized by a great variation in landscape, geology and climate. The country has magnificent mountain scenery with unique ancient rock formations, which are a source of fascination for geologists and scholars, as well as visitors. The country is characterised and traversed by six agro-ecological zones38 (AEZs), namely, Highveld, Upper Middleveld, Lower Middleveld, Western Lowveld, Eastern Lowveld and Lubombo Range. These are based on elevation, landforms, geology, soils and vegetation regions. The average rainfall in Swaziland is about 788mm per annum ranging from as low as 500mm in the dry Lowveld region to 1,500mm in the wet and cooler Highveld region. The hilly to undulating Middleveld is the most heavily populated and agriculturally important region with great potential for increased agricultural productivity. Much of the grassland of the Upper and Lower Middleveld zones have been replaced by cultivation of crops such as citrus, pineapples, cotton, maize, legumes, horticultural crops and sugarcane. The intensive farming and livestock grazing have caused problems of soil erosion in some parts of the region. Overall, the Lowveld supports extensive grazing and very limited rainfed production of crops. Dominant crops in the region include sugarcane, cotton, groundnuts and sorghum. Finally, the Lubombo Range has limited arable land and the main commercial activities include maize, cotton, minor crop production and ranching.

Key Statistics
Population 1,067,000 (2011) Source: SADC Statistics Unit
Employed in Agriculture N/A
GDP (USD) 4,090,359,114 (2011) Source: SADC Statistics Unit
GDP Agriculture Share (%) 7.04 (2011) Source: SADC Statistics Unit
National Budget (USD) N/A
Agriculture Budget (%) N/A

Latest Maize Balance (MT)
Year N/A
Availability N/A
Requirement N/A
N/A

Food Insecurity Numbers
Year 2010
Consumption Period 2010/2011
Total Vulnerable 160,989
Source: SADC RVAA
Recent Staple Crop Production (Maize)
yearproduction
201581,623
2014101,000
201381,934
201276,091
201184,686

Recent Livestock Population (Cattle)
yearpopulation
2010619,752
2010619,752
2009621,465
2008618,620
2007639,718
Provincial figures
Provincial Crop Production