Tanzania Country Overview
Tanzania is in Eastern Africa and is constituted by Mainland Tanzania and Zanzibar with a total area of 945,087 km2 of which surface land in Tanzania Mainland is 883,749 km2 and 2,460 km2 in Zanzibar. The country is comprised of 59,050 km2 of inland water bodies. It shares borders with Kenya and Uganda in the North; Rwanda, Burundi and Democratic Republic of Congo in the West; Zambia and Malawi in the South West and Mozambique in the South. About 80% of the population in Tanzania live in rural areas where their livelihoods depend on agriculture. Tanzania has 44 million hectares of land suitable for crop production out of which 10.8 million hectares (25% of total) are under cultivation. In addition, the country has 60 million hectares of grazing land. Agriculture is an important economic sector in terms of food production, employment generation, production of raw material for industries, generation of foreign exchange earnings and raising rural income levels to alleviate poverty. The country has a dual agricultural economy, a smallholder sub-sector and a commercial sub-sector (large-scale farming). Agriculture is dominated by subsistence farmers (estimated to be about 4.9 million holdings) with low capital investment that operates under rain-fed condition and farm sizes of between 0.2 to 2.0 hectares.

Key Statistics
Population 44,484,900 (2011) Source: SADC Statistics Unit
Employed in Agriculture N/A
GDP (USD) 23,850,000,000 (2011) Source: SADC Statistics Unit
GDP Agriculture Share (%) 28 (2011) Source: SADC Statistics Unit
National Budget (USD) N/A
Agriculture Budget (%) N/A

Latest Maize Balance (MT)
Year N/A
Availability N/A
Requirement N/A
N/A

Food Insecurity Numbers
Year 2010
Consumption Period 2010/2011
Total Vulnerable 717,896
Source: SADC RVAA
Recent Staple Crop Production (Maize)
yearproduction
20155,735,000
20146,734,000
20135,764,000
20125,240,001
20114,122,602

Recent Livestock Population (Cattle)
yearpopulation
201019,209,904
200919,100,000
200818,800,000
200718,500,000
200618,500,000
Provincial figures
Provincial Crop Production