Zambia Country Overview
Zambia has a savannah type of climate which is strongly seasonal. The altitude ranges between 900 and 1600 m above sea level. The low lying areas around the Luangwa and lower Zambezi rivers have hot tropical climate, with mean daily temperatures of more than 25 deg c. Zambia‘s population was 11.7 million as per the 2000 national census of population. Poverty in Zambia is very high at about 70%. This level can be reduced substantially if agriculture was to perform better than it is doing currently. The main livestock species breed in Zambia (in accordance with the head size) are bovines, goats and sheep with an estimated total herd of just under 4 million in 2005. The poultry industry was about 44 million birds in 2005. The main crops grown (by quantity produced in 2006) are maize, cassava, cotton, wheat, groundnuts, soybeans, millet, mixed beans and sorghum. Tobacco also experienced significant increases in production in 2006. Agriculture is very important in the economy of Zambia. Currently, the agriculture sector is prioritised as the 'engine' for Zambia‘s economic growth and national development. More than 60% of the population are engaged in agriculture and thus depend upon it for their livelihood. The contribution of agriculture to GDP is more than 20%.

Key Statistics
Population 13,459,000 (2011) Source: SADC Statistics Unit
Employed in Agriculture N/A
GDP (USD) 19,238,210,256 (2011) Source: SADC Statistics Unit
GDP Agriculture Share (%) 19.16 (2011) Source: SADC Statistics Unit
National Budget (USD) N/A
Agriculture Budget (%) N/A

Latest Maize Balance (MT)
Year 2011
Availability 3,868,986
Requirement 2,207,360
Surplus1,661,626
Source: Zambia MACO/CSO Crop Forecasting Survey and MACO/Private Sector Utilization Estimates

Food Insecurity Numbers
Year 2010
Consumption Period 2010/2011
Total Vulnerable 53,629
Source: SADC RVAA
Recent Staple Crop Production (Maize)
yearproduction
20152,618,221
20143,350,671
20132,532,800
20122,852,687
20113,020,380

Recent Livestock Population (Cattle)
yearpopulation
20102,542,324
20093,038,000
20082,315,327
20072,457,563
20062,799,965
Provincial figures
Provincial Crop Production